Ancient Kasimov: a fragment of the Golden Horde near Ryazan – Road.Travel

Ancient Kasimov: a fragment of the Golden Horde near Ryazan

Road Trip Route. Find traces of Kasimov Khanate 260 km from Moscow, Get your heart set on the best racetrack and learn to shoot a crossbow., Conquer the White Mountain, To see with your own eyes a black stork, Catch Zen in a ghost town on the Oka coast, Conquer wakeboarding and sup-surfing in a soulful company.

The main purpose of this mini-journey will be the city of Kasimov. It is the closest to Moscow piece of the Golden Horde and one of the most unusual cities in the vicinity. On the way to Kasimov we will visit exotic sights near Moscow and engage in extreme sports. Do not worry, no special training will be required! We'll spend the second day completely in Kasimov. And on the way back we'll wander around the reserve on the Oka and ancient settlements (Attention! The concentration of beautiful landscapes is off the scale!).

History and Culture, Active Leisure, 🎅 Winter Trips. From: Moscow

Marina Selivanova. Traveller.

Travel Itinerary and Road Trip Route

Day 1: Racing tracks, wakeboard, plaster mountain and Esenin

This day will be filled with new impressions. We will shoot a crossbow, drive a buggy, master a wakeboard and conquer the mountains near Moscow. The Moscow region offers hundreds of options for active recreation - just have time to try it! We will meet sunset in the town where Sergey Esenin studied, and overnight in Kasimov.


АДМ Raceway Мячково

Just 16 kilometres from the Moscow Ring Road there is a great place where you can experience extreme sensations, shake things up and get a dose of adrenaline. This is ADM Raceway - a modern racing circuit with all the accompanying entertainment. What you can do here: - Learn the basics of skid steering (or, in other words, drifting from the heart); - Buggy rides, racing cars and motorbikes; - fly light aircraft and helicopters; - try karting and much more. Some activities are available without an appointment and others need to be arranged in advance. Be sure to check [website]( and price list before your trip to avoid unpleasant surprises.

white Mountain

Not far from Voskresensk near Moscow there is a curious sight - the so-called White Mountain. The amazing scenery resembles the glaciers of Iceland. Only in summer these "snows" don't melt, because the mountain consists of phosphorus gypsum - waste from Voskresensk Mineral Fertilizers plant. If you don't manage to get on the mountain, you can at least admire it from aside. It is quite possible that in the near future it will disappear: the stored waste is going to be processed into useful raw materials.


You can have lunch in Egoryevsk, at the family restaurant Schwarz Kaiser. And if it's too early for craft beer, it's time for hearty burgers, grilled salmon and Bavarian soup with sausages!

Yegor'yevskiy Istoriko-Khudozhestvennyy Muzey

In the afternoon visit the local history museum of the city. The museum is open every day except Monday.

Свято—Троицкий Мариинский женский монастырь

Take a walk around the monastery and take beautiful pictures of the historic buildings.

Trinity Cathedral

Trinity cathedral in Gus Zhelezny was built in the XIX century by order of industrialists Batashovs (they owned an iron foundry in Gus Zhelezny). Until now it is not known according to what architect the cathedral was built. Among the possible candidates: V.I. Bazhenov, I.S. Gagin, D.A. Gushchin and Bazhenov's pupil I.T. Tamansky.

Kasimovskiy Dvorik

A worthy place for dinner is the Kasimovsky Dvorik art cafe. It's 50 meters away from the Bell Museum. The menu is extremely varied: kebab, fish and vegetables on coals, potato zrazy with mushrooms, poultry dishes.

Day 2: Tatar Kasimov: a look through the ages

We will spend this day in Kasimov, once the capital of the Kasimov Khanate. The state was formed in the middle of the 15th century, when the Moscow prince Vasily settled on the bank of the Oka river the son of the Kazan khan, Tsarevich Kasim. Most likely, it was part of the deal - the day before the prince lost the battle and was captured. The Khanate ceased to exist in 1681, after the death of its last ruler, Fatima Sultan. It is believed that she was strangled by her own servants - for wanting to convert to Orthodoxy. There are still many traces of the rich past in Kasimov, which you will see with your own eyes.

Касимовский историко-культурный музей-заповедник, Ханская мечеть

Start your walk with a visit to the Khan Mosque. The minaret resembles a fortress tower not without reason: the building was erected at the time when wars and raids took place constantly. The mosque is inactive. Near the mosque there is a tomb of Shakh-Ali Khan. He led the Russian army during the Livonian war. The tekke (sacral place) was built by khan for himself. The rectangular white stone building is decorated with a plaque on which the dates of the ruler's birth and death are carved in Arabic letters. In autumn, spring and summer one can climb the minaret for a panoramic view of the river and the city.

Ascension Cathedral

Sobornaya Square is the central square of the city. It is surrounded by buildings of trading rows, the beautiful Ascension Cathedral (1862), and two old churches. Take a closer look at the white and yellow building - this is the house of the zemstvo commissar Skornyakov, who was in charge of the local merchant Batashev, a Russian Count Dracula. Batashev tortured and murdered serfs, burned a police official alive, walled up his underground workshops with people, where workers printed counterfeit coins. Secret passages were found in the two-meter walls of this building on the Sobornaya Square, and secret rooms were found below. It is believed that Batashev forced an assistant to store his counterfeit money here.

Музей Русский самовар

Collector Mikhail Silkov made a gift to his native city: he opened two museums: of bells and samovars. Be sure to take a look at the latter. There is an ancestor of samovars - sbitennik, and there are almost three hundred classic "teapots". The museum is open every day except Monday.

Muzey Kolokolov

There used to be 7 bell foundries in Kasimov, and local bells were as famous as Valdai bells. It's best to visit the museum with a guided tour - each piece has its own history. And don't forget that Mondays are off.


Have lunch at a small and inexpensive cafe with delicious food.

Kasimovsky Local History Museum

From the samovars museum it's a good idea to take a walk to the local history museum. On the way you will see the most beautiful church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The local history museum is located in the former mansion of the merchants Alyanchivs. This museum is the oldest in the Ryazan region, it was founded in 1919. And also in this museum a variety of master classes and events are held, see details at [website]( The museum is open every day, except for the fifth and last Friday of every month.

Tserkov' Bogoyavleniya Gospodnya

It is said that near the Church of the Epiphany of the Lord (or St. George) lived its age skomorokh Ivan Balakirev, who was jokingly appointed governor of Kasimov by Peter I (the throne was empty then). He failed to become a new khan. The jester miraculously survived the terrible torture and accusations of treason, after which he never smiled again. His grave is behind this church.

Hotel Kasimov

You can dine at the restaurant at the Kasimov hotel. The menu abounds with interesting dishes of traditional Russian cuisine: sterlet fish soup, pike fish dumplings (crescent-shaped zrazy), pancakes with red caviar. Tatar cuisine is represented by azu - vegetable stew with meat. A solid wine list comes as a bonus.

Day 3: Oka reserve, mystical Old Ryazan and Bastanova mountain

The beginning of the third day we will spend in Oka reserve, where cranes, bison and black storks live. After that we will visit Old Ryazan - a ghost town on the high bank of the Oka, and the sunset will be met on Bastanova Hill, under which the remains of the ancient Russian town of Perevitsk are hidden. Get ready: there will be many, many beautiful landscapes!

Брыкин Бор

In the morning we will visit the Oka State Reserve, one of the most picturesque parts of the Meshchera. Visitors have three options: *- "- Standard excursion It includes three blocks: a general introduction to the reserve, visiting the cages with cranes and a visit to the bison nursery. I recommend to choose the excursion at 10.30 (next only at 12.30). The visit will take 1.5-2 hours and don't forget to look at a souvenir shop. *- "- Specialized tours accompanied by scientific staff This option will cost 1500 rubles per group, but you need to record at least 2 weeks in advance. *- Ecological horseback riding in the forest and meadow (routes from 5 to 15 km). * I offer lunch in the neighboring village of Dobryanka. In the cafe "Brykin Bor" promise to feed boiled food, homemade cutlets and rouge pies. The drinks are aromatic herbal tea, cold kvass and homemade mors.

Старая Рязань

The second point of today will become Old Ryazan - the only one of the capitals of ancient Russia, which turned into a "dead city". The city did not last long: after its ruin in 1237 by Batu Khan it could not be restored. Not much remains of the ancient capital: a huge hill with a flat top. Archaeological values have long been transferred to museums. And the half-destroyed red-brick arch is the remains of the church, which was built in the XX century in memory of the burnt ancient cathedrals.

Cafe Rainbow

Stop for a bite to eat at a small café. It has delicious pizza and a very homely atmosphere.

Gazpromneft filling station #280

It's a great trip, isn't it? And for it to be dynamic, come to the Gazpromneft filling station, take water and a snack.

Коломенский кремль

On the way back - stop in Kolomna for a walk through the streets of such a quiet and cozy Kremlin.

Cafe Rocket

A small café with delicious food. The burgers here are particularly good.