The Republic of Ingushetia is rich in objects of ancient civilization, medieval spirit and enchanting nature. Each tower complex, and there are several dozen of them in the valleys of the republic, has a rich past. They take their history from the 12th-17th centuries to the present day, without restoration, and are very well preserved. Of course, not all of them, but even the ruins of some are shocking in scale. Within the walls of each such complex, without exception, there are legends that are known on the ground. There are sanctuaries, mausoleums, and crypts preserved. Separate elements from older epochs and more. Nature deserves special attention. Alpine meadows, mountains, waterfalls and mountain rivers are truly a resort area with the cleanest air. We recommend using a prepared off-road vehicle on the route. [Accommodation, sightseeing and catering arrangements](https://getinrussia.ru)
Approximately one hour on the way and we arrive at the hotel and resort complex "Armkhi".
A city in southern Russia, in the central part of the North Caucasus. Alania, the capital of the Republic of North Ossetia. It forms the municipal district of Vladikavkaz. [Rent a car](https://vladikavkaz.lend-auto.ru/).
The ski and health-improving base is located in Dzheirarchsky district of Ingushetia at an altitude of ~1300 m above sea level. The base is filled with intoxicating mountain air, surrounded by thick forests, mountains and hundreds of monuments of nature, history and architecture. Infrastructure: double rooms with amenities, indoor and outdoor swimming pools, cafe in the hotel and a mountain restaurant, sauna, spa area, ski slopes and equipment rental, paintball court, rope park. **dinner**
In the morning, when leaving the hotel you will be able to appreciate all the delights of the Armkhi River gorge and Jeyrarh district. On the way along the winding serpentine we will spend about 1.5 hours before the first stop, we will have time to get used to this region and enjoy the views. Closer to the pass we will go to dozens of valleys and hills. We will see the remains of the medieval villages of Lyalakh and Salgi with preserved towers, as well as the unique watchtower of Magoy Jel. Approaching the Assin gorge, we will see the largest and excellently preserved tower town Egical. On the way, we will look at a small plateau, which opens the opposite bank of the Assa River and the Targim tower complex. Returning from the tower village of Vovnushki, we will take a look at another highlight of the region - the Christian temple of Thaba-Yerda of the 9th century.
**Salgi** is a medieval tower complex, located in Salgi gorge of the same name. By nature, these places look more like an alpine valley. The name of the village means "place for rest". In the place of the village, which was left for a long time, you will see two preserved five-storey (about 20 m high) combat towers of the 16th-17th centuries and a dozen ruins of houses, farm buildings and defensive walls. On the outskirts of the village there are also the remains of the crypts of the City of the Dead. According to a legend, the hero of Ingush tales, the hero Soska-Salse, in whose honour a church sanctuary was built, was honoured here as a saint and, unfortunately, is now lost.
**Lyalakh** is one of the major castle-type tower settlements. The village had three combat towers and more than twenty dwelling towers, almost all five stories high up to 26 metres. The combat towers on the ground floors contained stone "sacks", which served as compartments for supplies and prisoners. According to the scientist D. Chahkiev, "these towers differ in their proportions, appearance and novelty from similar structures of the region". According to a legend, a builder and architect Arsamak once lived in the village. Combat towers and masses of dwelling towers with architectural elements and household remainders have been preserved in excellent condition to this day.
On the adjacent slope there is a unique 17th century watchtower **Magojel**, clenched between two rock blocks. This tower also has legends, one of which says that in ancient times it was here that a shepherd-goddess Borz, a resident of the neighboring village, ambushed, repulsing his wife, captured by the Salgins for non-payment of tribute.
The village is also one of the oldest and dates back to the 12th century. It is unlikely to be found anywhere else like this. There were more than 60 towers, of which about 10 are combat and semi-combat towers, and 50 residential. In addition, there was a huge "city of the dead" with about 105 crypts, 1 mausoleum and 3 sanctuaries. Yes, the views are fascinating. From the public road, this complex opens up like a postcard. On many buildings to this day are preserved prints of craftsmen and ancient petroglyphs.
On the way you can look at a small plateau, which opens the opposite bank of the Assa River and the tower complex **Targim**. Here you will find beautiful views and the village in the palm of your hand, namely 4 preserved battle towers - the head of the fortress and more than a dozen ruins of residential towers.
**Granddaughter's village** opens up with a majestic view. The narrow Guloykhi gorge with the purest mountain river and sharp peak cliffs, in which towers were built and connected them in ancient times by a suspension bridge. Inexpressible sensations arise at the very first minute. Everyone will want to unravel history and find an explanation of how the towers were built and how they were used. This object is recognized as a masterpiece of medieval tower architecture. It's translated as "the place of combat towers". The complex dates back to the 14th century and belonged to the Ozdoyev family. We learn the ancestral history on the site and the legends kept in the walls.
Returning from the tower village of Vovnushki, let's look at another highlight of this region - the Christian church **Thaba-Yerdy** of the 9th century. It is one of the oldest temples in Russia. It is also considered one of the mysterious objects with a cult ancient pagan and Christian history. Nowadays, the temple is not functioning, without access inside, but the monument is no less attractive outside. The walls of the building are lavishly decorated with moldings in the form of figures of people and animals, ornaments and patterns. Excavations and research have been conducted in the temple many times, which resulted in the discovery of ancient relics, such as the ancient Georgian handwritten Psalter on parchment presumably from the 10th century and the Byzantine solitaire of Michael III, dated 9th century.
In the former village **Päling** the towers belonged mainly to two teips - Polonka and Jovla, and the teips could include several surnames. Some 18 towers are extant today, including combat and semi-combat towers, a little over a dozen dwelling towers, as well as household, semi-subterranean and ground vaults.
The neighboring **complex Nii** is an ancient city at an altitude of 1700 m above sea level. It was founded around the 16th-17th centuries. Nowadays it is an architectural ensemble with well preserved combat towers, 4 of them, about 13 vaults and one and a half dozen dilapidated dwellings. At the same time, the complex gives incredible impressions and photos at different times of the year, as it is located against a background of mountains.
Return to the hotel ** Dinner**
First let's take a look at Lazhginskiy waterfall. After the waterfall we will have just a ten-minute drive to the next object. On the slope above the village of Olgeti there is a tower complex of Erzi castle type in perfect safety. We'll continue on our way. Nearby, in the lowland, there is the leftover village of Harp from the 16th century. After that we go to the asphalt and the winding Georgian military road we return to Vladikavkaz.
In the cool gorge among the rock formations there is a small but very beautiful gorge - Lazhginskoe. In it flows a small river Lazhga, taking its waters from the glacier of Mount Malchechkort. At the difference of rock faults and created a waterfall, which is one of the largest in Ingushetia, with a height of 20 m and a width of 5 m. The waterfall requires a short walk along the eco-trail, for about 30 minutes each way, with a small height gain and the subsequent descent on the way back. If you do not want an active walk, we recommend you to relax in the gazebo and enjoy the clean air.
On a slope above the village of Olgeti, a tower complex of the Erzi castle type, translated from Ingush "eagle", stands in perfect safety. According to a legend, people found a nest of an eagle at the place where the village was founded, from which the name later came. About 6 full-fledged towers and a dozen half-destroyed ones have survived to this day.
At the foot of Myat-Loam mountain (Table 3,000 m) visit the tract of Beini village. Although the village is dilapidated, its views are spectacular. The sunny southern side of the Table Mountain slope has turned these lands into bright meadows. "Beini" translates to "meadow." From early spring this slope is wrapped in a green carpet with streams of spring water. Nature herself has created here a favorable climate for cattle breeding and animal husbandry. There is another side of the coin, more precisely the history of the name. According to an old legend, the village was once called "weeds" and it was inhabited by a bandit "tribe of witches". The insidious inhabitants robbed and attacked everyone. There is a good outcome to this story where good triumphs over evil. You will learn the whole story on the spot. Off we go. Near-by in the lowland is hidden the abandoned village of Kharp in the 16th century. Not exactly hidden, of course, as it is well exposed by an unusual view from Baney. Despite its location in a valley, the village is built as a continuation of a thin isthmus, with slopes on both sides and a cliff near the central tower. It resembles a small rock fortress. There are also legends lurking within the walls of these structures. Here, at the foot of the mountain, it is possible to stop for a picnic in the fresh air. If the weather is favourable, the most active can have a trekking hike up the Table Mountain (3000 m), a climb of about 1000-1100 m, where unparalleled views can be seen and an ancient sanctuary is preserved. We recommend that you take trekking poles and comfortable shoes which are necessary for hiking in the mountainous part of the republic. Down the slope, on the bank of the river, you may still see partially preserved Dudarov's manor house of the 17th century. There was one defensive tower and one dwelling tower, which were connected with each other by a stone wall. It is a rare example of a similar construction where the combat tower was not in the village but just next to the dwelling one. It was made for maximum protection. The legend of the founder, no less interesting, lurks here.
[Car Return Place](http://vladikavkaz.lend-auto.ru/)