The history of Smolensk region existence dates back to the X century. These ancient lands are marked by many events of all-Russian importance. It is here that the destinies and ways of our Fatherland crossed. There are many mysteries and mysteries of history, which scientists are still exploring. On this trip you will reach the capital of the region - Smolensk. The Hero City, spread on 7 hills, is located north-west of Moscow, 378 km from it, in the upper reaches of the Dnieper. Besides Smolensk, you will also visit several important places that will fill your piggy bank with interesting facts about the history of the Russian Land. Tune in for a busy trip, you'll learn a lot of new and interesting things!
Today begins your long journey to the Smolensk lands. You will make stops in the most interesting and significant places. Mozhaisk is the most ancient city of Russia, the capital of the Mozhaisk Principality. The city has experienced blossoms and declines, but it is still alive! Enjoy its beauty and do not hurry anywhere, you have plenty of time ahead of you.
The park has a museum of aviation, a museum of armored vehicles, artillery, sports facilities, sports simulators, historical exhibitions, exhibitions of samples of weapons and equipment. Here you will find out what a powerful military park Russia has.
It is an inactive historical monument, but it deserves your attention. After the Time of Troubles the Mozhaisk Kremlin lost its defensive significance and was gradually dismantled. However, fortress ramparts and a part of St. Nicholas Gate, built into the New St. Nicholas Cathedral, Peter and Paul Cathedral and several other interesting buildings remained.
It's a small and cozy place. Visitors recommend tasting soup in black bread.
The park is a square where you will see the monument to the Liberator Soldier and the Eternal Flame.
The equestrian base "Outpost" is located on the outskirts of the city. There are stables, an arboretum, a lake, a contact zoo and many arbours for recreation. The main complex is adjacent to the Eco Park, where deer, marals, fallow deer and other animals live in natural conditions. At 50 meters from the gates of the ranch there is the ancient Luzhetsky Monastery and the holy spring. The equestrian complex contains over 50 horses of various breeds. All horses have a calm temper and no behavioral problems. You can sign up for a ride at [site](http://bezpovoda.ru/contact/).
There is a small chapel, which appeared more than 10 years ago, inside you can collect drinking water beating from the spring.
At the end of this beautiful day, have dinner in this nice place. The restaurant offers an extensive menu, from cold snacks to hot dishes and a variety of desserts.
Today's route consists of many amazing places. The first stop will be at the Gagarin Memorial Museum, where you will learn the history of space exploration and sending a man aboard a rocket. Then you'll see the main sights of Vyazma: Holy Trinity Cathedral, St. John the Baptist Nunnery, Griboyedov Estate Museum and the Bogoroditsky Field.
The museum displays items of space technology directly related to the first space flight with a man on board. The entire history of research and study in this scientific field is shown here. The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday 10:00-17:30.
The historical center of the city of Vyazmichi is considered to be the high left bank of the river - Cathedral Hill, decorated for many generations the central temple of the city - the Trinity Cathedral.
The oldest centuries-old monastery. Here reigns a pacifying silence, it is so easy to repel obsessions about everyday worries and to be alone with yourself.
It's time for lunch and some rest. In the menu of this restaurant you will find a large selection of European and Russian dishes.
The center of the reserve is the Khmelita estate, a patrimonial estate of the Griboyedovs. The name of the estate was given by the river Khmelitka, whose banks are rich in hop thickets. The Griboyedovs estate has belonged to the famous family since 1747. The museum-reserve includes the state house of the XVIII century, surrounded on four sides by wings and the remains of the park ensemble, as well as the P. S. Nakhimov Museum and the Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God. The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday, Monday is a day off, the last Wednesday of every month is a health day. Mode of operation: from November 1 to March 31 from 9.00 to 17.00, from April 1 to October 31 from 10:00 to 18:00, Cash registers stop working 30 minutes before the museum closes.
It was near Vyazma that large groups of Soviet troops were regularly killed in 41-42, first when trying to defend the city and stop the Wehrmacht, which was rushing to the east, then when trying to liberate the city. Under Vyazma died 33 army of General Efremov. It's a memorial park that honors the names of the dead on these lands.
It's time for the long-awaited dinner! This restaurant is stylized as a hunting lodge. The menu offers dishes of Russian cuisine.
So the day has come to meet Smolensk and his beauties! Are you excited? The city is replete with historical monuments and cultural heritage! You have a lot to see, prepare the memory on your phone.
It's a great trip, isn't it? And for it to be dynamic, come to the Gazpromneft filling station, take water and a snack.
The first thing you'll do is go to the Holy Assumption Cathedral. It is the main cathedral of the city, a monument symbolizing its heroic and turbulent history. Together with other buildings of the Cathedral Mountain, a luxurious architectural ensemble, is the main dominating feature of Smolensk, its symbol and decoration. The Sobornaya Mount ensemble has been preserved in this form since the middle of the XVIII century.
The monument was unveiled on June 20, 1954. The monument is a full-length bronze figure of a field marshal on a pink granite pedestal. Kutuzov appears at the zenith of glory, triumphing over the enemy.
One of the most beautiful and romantic places in Smolensk. The garden was created in 1873 by order of the governor A.G. Lopatin on the territory of the decayed Royal Bastion. Take a walk and enjoy the local beauties.
The city sculpture at the post office is a cast-iron pole with pointers, in the base of which lies the same cast-iron disk with an eight-pointed star - "rose of winds". It was made in preparation for the 1150th anniversary of Smolensk.
Here you will find a pleasant atmosphere, tables standing at a good distance from each other, soft background music, quick friendly and delicate service.
The renewed exposition is displayed on the second and third tiers of the tower and is dedicated to the construction of the Smolensk fortress wall, the defense of Smolensk, the Smolensk war and the final entry of the city into the Russian state. It presents household items and weapons from the collections of museums and private collections. Opening hours: Tuesday-Sunday from 11.00 to 19.00 (till 18.00). Monday is a day off.
The monument to the prominent Russian architect Fyodor Konyu, the builder of the Smolensk fortress, is located near the Thunder Tower. This "sovereign master" built not only the Smolensk stronghold, but also fortifications of the White City in Moscow, worked in the Alexander sloboda, returned several monasteries.
The monument is a large rock, on top of which sit two formidable eagles, protecting the nest from climbing to it on the ledges of a Gall warrior with a naked sword in his hand. One eagle spread its powerful wings and clutched its claws at the hand of the gaul. The second bird covers the nest, lurking just behind it, waiting for the right moment to attack the enemy from the rear. Sculptures of eagles symbolize the two Russian armies, joined in Smolensk. Warrior in medieval armor represents Napoleon's army.
Blonie Garden, is the historical center of Smolensk, with its interesting and rich history. The park was laid out in the XIX century by order of Nicholas I on the site of the former square for army exercises. It is decorated with trophy sculptures of lions and deer removed from Europe after the end of the Great Patriotic War, the monument to Glinka, flowerbeds and a fountain.
The cafe is on the second floor of an old building. It specializes in Italian cuisine, but also has a seasonal menu. On weekends a musician plays guitar. Visitors are delighted with caneloni and carbonara.
It's time to break away from the urban landscapes and get a little lost in the natural areas of the region. You have to explore the Smolensk Lakeland - a majestic national park protected by UNESCO. Many centuries ago the famous way from Varangians to Greeks passed here. Besides the park you'll also visit the estate of N.M. Przhevalsky, located nearby and the historical and architectural complex "Teremok".
Buy the necessary products for picnic lunch.
The great geography and biology researcher Nikolai Przhevalsky led and conducted five large expeditions during his short life. Exploring the territories of Mongolia, Western China, Tibet, he radically changed the map of Central Asia, removing inaccuracies and filling the gaps. He became a doctor of several universities, an honorary member of 23 scientific institutions in Russia and Europe. Monday's the day off, health day is the last day of the month.
Since 2002, the park has been protected by UNESCO. It occupies about 3% of the territory of the Smolensk region. The Valdai Glacier has left here a heavily dissected relief - high hilly ridges cut by river valleys, and 35 lakes, one is more beautiful than the other, each has its own individual features and attracts its uniqueness. Feel the peace and quiet, forget about crowded places, city traffic and noise. It's time to relax and enjoy the splendor of nature. You will also have the opportunity to have a picnic in nature.
This memorial complex commemorates the victims of totalitarianism and Stalinist repression. In 1940, in the Katyn Forest, NKVD bodies shot about 4.5 thousand Polish officers who were interned during the 1939 military campaign. In the 1930s, Katyn Forest also became the burial place for many Soviet citizens who were victims of Stalinist repressions, estimated at over 6 thousand people.
This magnificent day we offer to finish in an atmospheric Italian restaurant with polite and attentive service. Visitors praise salmon steak and pizza Margarita. There are separate rooms for bong. You will be pleasantly surprised.
Did you know that under Smolensk there are real Russian terems reflecting traditional applied art? Such artists as N. Roerich, S. Malyutin, M. Vrubel, I. Repin, A. Zinoviev and others worked here at the turn of the century creating samples of new style. This is a unique place that holds the autographs of the great masters. You will visit the museum of Mikhail Glinka's estate in Novospassky. Here he was born, created and created his masterpieces.
Many years ago, the owner of the estate Princess Tenisheva, a famous philanthropist, wished to revive the village art crafts. She opened a school for peasant children, art workshops, organized a museum of applied arts, invited famous artists. Nowadays, the museum complex includes a carved fairytale teremok, manor buildings and schools painted by great artists. Mode of operation: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday - from 10:00 to 17:00 Saturday, Sunday, holidays - from 9:00 to 17:00. the cash register closes 30 minutes early, the day off is Monday, health day is the last Thursday of the month.
Novospasskoye is the birthplace and patrimonial estate of the great Russian composer Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, the "magician" by the apt definition of Maxim Gorky, the first in a cohort of Russian musical geniuses who influenced major Russian composers - A. S. Dargomyzhsky, M. P. Mussorgsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, A. P. Borodin and P. I. Tchaikovsky. Opening time: Tuesday-Sunday 10:00-17:00.
A small restaurant of Russian cuisine with polite service and a large selection of delicious dishes.
The plan is a short stop in the city of Desnogorsk. It is a small town on the banks of the Desna river in the Smolensk region was founded quite recently, in 1974. Take a short sightseeing walk in the center of the city.
The road was long and quite tiring. It's time to get some rest and finally have dinner. Look at today's photos and just smile. It's been a beautiful day. In this cozy restaurant, guests are advised to try meat dishes, cooked on open fire.
This journey was filled with historical places and cultural monuments. How about contemporary art in the Nikola Lenivets Park of the same name? These massive alien installations will make a huge impression on you. It's time to realize how much culture has changed in such a small amount of time against the background of chronicles of all mankind!
The Ugra National Park, located in the Kaluga region, has a truly unique place, whose history began about 30 years ago. Around a small village called Nikola Lenivets an incredible art park was created, some exhibits of which are literally bewitching with their scale and power.
This diorama is dedicated to the little-known battle of 1812 under the command of General Borozdin with Napoleon's troops near the walls of the Chernoostrovsky monastery. The battle took place on October 12 and lasted about 18 hours. As a result, the French troops withdrew from the Kaluga direction. In Maloyaroslavets there are many monuments and monuments devoted to this event. You can listen to its history right on the diorama, where the voice of the announcer is constantly sounding and cannon shots are heard. Mode of operation: Tuesday to Sunday, 10:00-18:00, Monday is a day off.
Wonderful restaurant of Mediterranean cuisine. Everything is pleasant here, from the interior to the music. Visitors recommend warm salad with seafood and mussels.
The estate is located on the picturesque bank of the river Pakhra. The first mention of it dates back to 1627. At that time the manor was called the patrimony of the boyar I.V. Morozov, thanks to which the borders of the land plot were considerably extended. After his death, the estate was inherited by Aksinya Ivanovna, Morozov's daughter and wife of Prince I.A. Golitsyn.
And the final point of this route will be the burger restaurant. Juicy and delicious burger! Maybe that's exactly what the soul wants?