Manchester was first mentioned in the 10th century. It is believed to have originated here on the site of the Roman camp of Mancunium, founded in 79. According to one version, the name of the city comes from the Latin Mamucium, which means "breast-shaped hill". According to another, "Manchester" is derived from the Celtic name Mamma, which was once the name of the local river goddess. The city's name is also the name of a local river goddess, Mamma.
One of the main attractions of modern Manchester is, of course, football. The city is home to two world famous clubs, Manchester City and Manchester United. They both play in the English Premier League.
Even if you don't like football, it's worth going to at least one match to see how seriously the English take the game. It's even usually passed on as an inheritance - once the father has supported a certain team, the son very rarely changes his tastes. Fans may even become depressed if they are not happy with the final score.
The National Football Museum was founded in 2001. It was originally located in Preston, but moved to Manchester's Urbis building in 2012. Here you can get into the English Football Hall of Fame, which is dedicated to British coaches and players.
Adjacent to the museum is the Northern Quarter neighborhood, a center for alternative and bohemian culture, with a host of music stores such as Piccadilly Records, Vinyl Exchange, Eastern Bloc Records, for example. There are also a lot of bars (as much as a whole street) in the Northern Quarter. So if you want to drink and have fun and you don't find anything in the city centre, you can go to the Northern Quarter, it will be a lot of fun.
A famous club whose fans wear branded hats and scarves is Manchester City. The team appeared in 1880. It was founded by a priest's daughter Anna Connell, who decided to help her father open a canteen for the local poor in one of the most deprived areas of the city. To reduce crime and keep the bums busy, she set up a football team that won the English Cup in 1904. In May 2019, Manchester City won the 2018-2019 Premier League season and the players, along with the trophy, travelled through the city centre on an open bus. They were greeted by hundreds of fans who hugged and kissed each other. At times, it even felt like the fans, not the players, had received the trophy. It was a real celebration. It was moments like that when you realise that football for the English is a sacred thing.
As well as football, clubs and bars, Manchester is known for its students. The city is home to three universities, so there's always a lot of life here. The most famous of these is The University of Manchester. It was founded in 1824 and is still famous for its academic heritage. In different years 25 Nobel Prize winners have studied and taught here. Incidentally, in 2010, the award went to local residents and part-time Russian physicists Konstantin Novoselov and Andrey Geim for "pioneering experiments with the two-dimensional material - graphene". Today they continue to work at the University of Manchester.
Another famous club Manchester United was founded by a group of railway workers in 1878, and in 1908 the team won the English Cup. Its home stadium is Old Trafford, or "Theatre of Dreams", as the English call it. Before the pandemonium, I'll be honest, I even grew fond of this stadium as my university friend Ben was a Manchester United fan and never missed a match. We went to see the game in all kinds of weather, we queued among the crazy fans, we were freezing in the stadium (yes, it was very cold), but it was still an incredible experience.
In the 16th century, Flemish traders brought textiles to Manchester, which made the city famous throughout England. The weaving industry began to flourish, and in the 18th century, cotton helped make Manchester one of the centres of the country's industrial revolution. Fast-flowing rivers rising from the Pennines provided the city with electricity, which made Manchester an ideal location for its first steam-powered cotton mill. Incidentally, the symbol of Manchester is a bee, symbolizing its inhabitants, who in the past worked very hard in those very factories to make the city successful.
Manchester Art Gallery is in the heart of the city. I think it was the first place I visited when I first came to Manchester. Even though it is small, there is a lot to see here. You can find works by both English and European artists in the gallery, including Impressionists Paul Cézanne and Pierre Vallette. It also features a collection of Pre-Raphaelite and Victorian paintings.
There are lots of different cafes and restaurants near the gallery, but if you get bored of chips and chips, I recommend going to Chinatown. It is, by the way, considered to be the second largest in the UK. There you can not only have a delicious meal but also take a lot of atmospheric photos. It's also a place where the pastries are delicious, so be sure to stop by when you're in Manchester.
Spinningfields is an area in the centre of Manchester famous for its expensive shops, restaurants and apartment blocks. It gets its name from the narrowest street that used to be here. In English it means "spinning field". All because Spinningfields used to be an industrial area of Manchester with its poverty, homeless children and gangsterism. In 1997, Spinningfields was turned into a business district and today it's full of offices, expensive restaurants and bars such as The Ivy or 20 Stories.
The People's History Museum is a reminder of the darker side of the city's history and is dedicated to the stories of workers, revolutionaries, voters and ordinary citizens who fought for their rights. It's a good place to learn about the history of Manchester and its people.
The Imperial War Museum building in Manchester was built in 2002. Its author, the American architect Daniel Libeskind, wanted the space to be a reflection of the post-war world, so he came up with the concept of a ball divided into three parts. Even if you put them together, a coherent structure is no longer possible - the same thing happens to our world after any armed confrontations.
Just a few steps away from the museum is the Media City complex. This is where the offices of such companies as the BBC and ITV (incidentally, this is where BBC Breakfast is filmed) are located. There are also cosy cafes and restaurants.